Loading MySQL data for phpunit testing

I’d been bugged for a while because when I was writing phpunit tests for some of my code, I couldn’t find a tidy way of pre-loading data into a MySQL database for testing against. Everything I came up with seemed really kludgy and the documentation hadn’t really enlightened me much.

Eventually I resorted to reading the code for phpunit and discovered that it can load a database from an XML dump, which can be created directly from mysqldump. This means that if I have a database containing a large amount of static data that I need to test against I can first do:

mysqldump --xml ... > test-data.xml

and as long as the database is created my phpunit test classes just start as follows:

<?php

require_once 'PHPUnit/Extensions/Database/TestCase.php';

class ExampleTest extends PHPUnit_Extensions_Database_TestCase
{
  protected function
  getConnection()
  {
    try {
      $pdo = new PDO('mysql:host='.DBHOST.';dbname='.DBNAME, DBUSER,
          DBPASS );
    } catch ( PDOException $e ) {
      throw ( new Exception ( $e->getMessage()));
    }
    return $this->createDefaultDBConnection( $pdo, DBNAME );
  }

  protected function getDataSet()
  {
    return $this->createMySQLXMLDataSet(
        dirname(__FILE__).'/test-data.xml' );
  }

  // test case functions follow

which is far neater than the previous mess I was using to initialise the database.

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